Symbol Supported Communication
Symbols can be used to support both receptive and expressive communication. They support word recognition in pre-readers and can be used in times of increased stress to communicate a need when word recall is impaired, for example showing an exit symbol for time out instead of having to ask or explain why. Here are six reasons why it makes sense to create symbol-supported resources for your learners who communicate differently whether this is due to speech, language, and communication needs, autism, developmental delay, or other needs. I have a more in depth post here on using Visuals in the SEND classroom.
6 Ways Symbols Support Learning.
1. Clarify steps in a process, this may be a dressing routine, timetbale or shopping list
2. Aid expressive/receptive language, this is especially useful when stress levels are raised.
3. Support associative memory, For example we are going to the sensory room – Show a picture of the room to trigger a reminder of how positive that was last time.
4. Organise resources, equipment: Having a symbol on each drawer or cupboard allows children to identify where equipment is kept.
5. Develop Independence skills, especially around making choices, again reducing the need for word finding and expressive language.
6. Reinforce Routine: Using symbols or images allow children to see the expected routine if they are separate cards the child can be given control and choices in building their own routine.
Resources to help create a symbol/visual supported environment.
Widgit, Low cost simple and effective software for creating symbol or pictural resources.
Do2Learn, – Free to print visual cards
pics.tech4learning.com – A child-safe free image site for when you want pictures rather than symbols.
Bondy, A. & Frost, L. (2002). A picture’s worth: PECS and other visual communication strategies in autism. Bethesda, MD: Woodbine House.
Hodgdon, L. (1999). Solving behavior problems in autism: Improving communication with visual strategies. Solana Beach, CA: Mayer-Johnson Company.